Diabetes is the condition where the blood sugar in the body is accumulated, here the hormone insulin fails to absorb the blood sugar in the bloodstream resulting in high concentration of blood sugar in the body. Glucose acts as a fuel in the human body for the normal functioning of it.
Diabetes can be a result of various factors:
Based on reasons of occurrence, diabetes can be classified into:
In this, one’s own immune starts destroying the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. This could be either due to influence of virus or other genetic factors. Type1 diabetes comes under the list of autoimmune diseases. Type1 diabetes is usually not under one’s own control .i.e. it cant be prevented
In this either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to absorb the blood sugar present in the bloodstream or fails to utilise the available insulin thoroughly and effectively or in other words the body becomes insulin resistant. Type2 diabetes can be a result of lifestyle factors or genetic factors and obesity. Type2 diabetes can be prevented if opted for a healthy living.
Prediabetes is a condition where the level of blood sugar in the body is high but not sufficiently high enough to be diagnosed as type2 diabetes. Diabetes can hit anyone at any stage of life, but on a positive note it can be controlled by following a healthy diet routine, and exercises.
A healthy diet routine mainly focuses on a meal rich in proteins, fibers and with a low carb content. Planning the proper intake of carb is the key to control spikes in blood sugar levels and to prevent risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases and stroke.
The minimum carb intake recommended for a diabetic patient is 45g to 65g for a meal and nearly 15g to 30g for snacks. A diet involving 20 to 50 g of carb intake can, not only help to achieve low blood sugar levels but also reduce the risks of heart diseases.
Carbohydrates can mainly be of two types:
1. Simple carb and
2. Complex Carb
Simple carbs are broken down quickly and digested easily by the body, this could spike up blood sugar levels in the body immediately, while on the other hand, Complex carbs take more time to be digested by the body when compared to simple carb, although both simple and complex carb are converted to glucose to be used as fuel for the functioning of the body.
Thus, complex carbs are advisable for a diabetic patient as this does not spike up blood glucose as much as in case of simple carbs. Also complex carbs keeps the body energised for a longer period, this makes the person to feel full for a longer time. Vegetables are known for their nutritional benefits. One among them is cucumber.
Cucumber for a diabetic patient??
Cucumber Seeds are known to be rich in a wide range of phytonutrients, that includes both carotenoids and flavonoids.
- Benefits of carotenoids to human health:
They protect the body from diseases and enhances the immune system.
- Benefits of flavonoids to human health:
Flavonoids reduce many of the risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases, stroke etc. Cucumbers also help to reduce the problems related to regulation of high blood sugar levels. Prolonged high blood sugar levels in the body can lead to excessive production of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and reactive carbonyl species(RCS)
- An increase in the production of reactive oxygen species can damage the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid ) and
RNA( ribonucleic acid) or result in cell death.
- An increase in the production of reactive carbonyl species results in pathological disorder or accelerates aging.
Consumption of cucumber controls the overproduction of both ROS and RCS. Cucumber is rich in water content and contains nearly 95% of water.
Staying hydrated is one of the most important step in diabetes to prevent accumulation of glucose in the body .i.e. water drains out the excess blood sugar from the body, high level of blood sugar can increase the risk of dehydration to a diabetic patient.
Prolonged Dehydration in a diabetic patient can lead to kidney damage or can cause nerve damage. Also hydration can result in weight loss, which in turn again reduces the chance of acquiring diabetes due to obesity
Cucumber is nutritionally beneficial as it contains nutrients like potassium and magnesium that keeps the body hydrated. For a diabetic too much of starch intake can spike up the blood sugar level instantly therefore opting for food with no starch or less starch content is advisable
Cucumber is a non starchy vegetable thus, consumption of it in any quantity does not spike up the blood sugar level in the body. Foods with high glycaemic index is not recommended for a diabetic patient as it spikes the blood sugar levels.
A food with low glycaemic index is recommended for a diabetic patient. Any food with glycaemic index less than 55 is considered as low . Foods with low glycaemic index are slowly digested and absorbed thus not causing spikes in blood sugar level.
The glycaemic index of cucumber is 15, therefore intake of cucumber is beneficial to a diabetic patient as it does not spike up the blood sugar level.
- Cucumber is low in carb content, one glass of freshly chopped cucumber contains nearly 4g of carbohydrate therefore, consumption of cucumber is highly advisable.
Cucumber contains a profitable amount of fiber nearly 2 to 3%. It Contains profitable amount of both soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber slows down the absorption of blood sugar thus, improvises the blood sugar levels, while The insoluble fiber reduces the risk of developing type2 diabetes, this can be a boon for people with Prediabetes.
Cucumber is diabetic friendly.
Salads are a great snack to munch on for a diabetic patient. Especially a salad that contains vegetables such as cucumber, broccoli, and tomatoes. To maximize the benefits of cucumber, it should be consumed unpeeled.
Cucumber peel and seeds are the most nutritional part of a cucumber. A peeled cucumber loses some of its nutritional value. Cucumber peel is in rich in dietary fibres, which again, improvises the blood sugar levels in the body.
As far as the cucumber is organic .i.e. free of pesticides. It is highly advisable to consume unpeeled cucumbers. Peeling a cucumber peels of its nutritional value as well.
Therefore cucumber turns out to be a boon to people with diabetes . Cucumber can be consumed without any fear of spikes in blood sugar levels, rather cucumber reverses the risks associated with diabetes.
Thus, intake of cucumber in daily basis improvises the regulation of blood glucose and also reduces the risks related to diabetes. The nutritional value of cucumber is beneficial and is recommended to all types of diabetic patients.